Online Submissions

Already have a Username/Password for Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (JBCS)?
Go to Login


Author Guidelines

Instructions to Authors

The Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (JBCS) accepts manuscripts either online or via e-mail as attachment. It is the condition for the acceptance of manuscripts that they have not been previously published elsewhere nor are under consideration by any other periodical. Decision about acceptance of a manuscript for publication in JBCS is based on a double-blinded peer review process. All manuscripts submitted must be original and preferably sent electronically to our online submission and review system, JBCS Editorial Manager, at the following Instructions for submission of a manuscript are found on the webpage.

For authors and reviewers encountering problems with the system, an Online Users’ Guide and FAQs can be accessed via the “Help” option on the taskbar of the login screen. All submissions duly signed by corresponding authors must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Assignment Form. Submissions received via hard copy will NOT be considered. Authors, who submit a pc-formatted computer diskette or CD ROM, will be requested to re-submit their manuscripts through the online submission system. Manuscript text submitted using Microsoft Word 2007 for Windows is preferred. Please, DO NOT submit the manuscript in PDF file. Preparation of a Manuscript For a manuscript to be submitted in JBCS, use ISO A4 paper (210 × 297 mm), 12-point font Arial, double-spaced throughout. There should be a 2 cm wide margin on all sides. The total size for all files of a manuscript must NOT exceed 3MB. To preserve the anonymity of respective subjects, all potentially identifying information must be removed from text, images, charts, graphs, and tables, before the manuscript is submitted to the editorial office of JBCS. It is strongly recommended that authors ensure that the words used in manuscripts convey the intended meaning both accurately and clearly. Failure to do so may delay the review and publication of the manuscript.

For a manuscript submitted for the sole purpose of publication in JBCS, each of the following components of a manuscript should begin on a new page and number the pages consecutively, starting with the title page. a. Abstract b. Manuscript Text c. Figures & Table (if applicable) d. Acknowledgements (if any) e. References f. Copyright Assignment Form Title page The title page should carry a: The title of the article which should be concise and informative b: Author’s name as family name followed by initials of first name and middle name of author e.g., Muhammad Arshad Qamar (Qamar MA). c: Name of department/ institution of author(s). d: Full Name, postal address, telephone/fax number with country code, and valid email address of the corresponding author. e: Running title f: Type of manuscript e.g., original article, case report , review article or letter to the editor g: Subject of manuscript e.g., medical, biomedical, dental or pharmaceutical science Manuscript Text

For a complete manuscript the following applies:
(a) Abstract and Key words
The abstract of a manuscript should be between 200-300 words depending upon the complexity of the article. All original articles must be accompanied by structured abstracts, divided into following headings: Objective, Methods, Results and Conclusion while all other categories of manuscripts may have unstructured abstracts. Do not include any reference in the abstract and use few abbreviations if necessary and spell out what they stand for in full.

(b) Text
This should consist of Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. References and Figures mentioned in the text should be written in Arabic numerals (e.g. 1, 2, 3), while Tables in Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III).The number of words limits for various text types are as: Original article: up to 4,000 words excluding abstract and references Review articles: up to 6,000 words excluding abstract and references Case report: up to 3,000 words excluding abstract and references Letters to the editor: up to 800 words excluding references

(c) Acknowledgements
Financial grant from a department or technical support from a person etc may be mentioned under this section. Similarly each author’s conflict of interest and financial disclosure, including declaration of no financial interest must be included in the acknowledgement section of the manuscript.

(d) References
It is the authors’ responsibility to check all references very carefully for accuracy and completeness. They should be in Vancouver style and numbered in the order in which they appear in the manuscript text. These numbers should be inserted in brackets () each time the author cited. For example, Robina et al., {6} reported similar findings…………Other references to the paper should be in the same manner. For example, recent studies have shown the similar findings {4, 7}. Ashfaq {2} demonstrated that…………………..

Please keep in mind, “Unpublished observations” and “personal communications” can not be used as references; if cited, a letter (from the person quoted granting permission) must be submitted and will be upon editorial approval for use as a reference. Examples of references used in a manuscript exclusively for JBCS are given below. Reference to an article Abdel-Hamid AZ, Rawy S, Saad A F.

Identification of the genetic marker associated with the resistance to Schistosoma mansoni infection using random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz.2006; 101:pp.863-868. In the above reference, actual names of authors are Abdel Hamid Zaki Abdel-Hamid, Saeed Rawy , Azza Fathi Saad. Title of the article is in Italic form followed by name of journal abbreviated as Index Medicus, year, volume number and pages. Mention up to 5 authors in the manner described above. If there are more than five authors, use et al., after the fifth author.

The title of the journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus while complete name of non –indexed journals should be written. e.g., The Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences.

Reference to a book William J G.Cindy L S. Principles of Human Physiology.2nd ed. San Francisco: Benjamin Cummings, 2005. Reference to a book chapter Aaron T.Megakaryocytopoisis Kinetics and Platelet Radiolabeling. in Rossi’s Principles of Transfusion Medicine.3rd ed.pp179-184.NY: Lipponcott Williams & Wilkins 2002.

Reference to a report Committee on Mercury Hazards in Dentistry. Code of practice for dental mercury hygiene. London: Department of Health and Social Security, 1979, publication no. DHSS 79-F3 72.

Newspaper article Kee H C.Water is water,no? The Star. 2009 May 9; WE15.

Online journal/books Complete web address should be given in the end of a reference using the same manner described above.

(e) Tables
Acceptable tables as part of manuscript text submitted for JBCS include Word; WordPerfect and Excel. Please make sure that tables are appended to the end of the manuscript text file. Tables should neither be submitted as separate file nor as photographs. They should be numbered consecutively in Roman numerals (e.g. I, II, III) in the order they appear in the text with brief titles. Place explanations of table in the footnotes including non-standard abbreviations that are used in Tables. Do not use internal horizontal and vertical rules. Ensure that names of authors or the institutions do not appear in the tables. If data from another published source are used, the author should obtain permission for publication prior to submission of the manuscripts and acknowledge fully.

(f) Figures
All figures must be submitted in a finished form, ready for reproduction. They are required to show the essential features described in the text. Please use A1,BMP,DOC,PDF,PPT,XLS and JPG format and ensure that the files are created and saved at a resolution of 300 dots/inch (DPI) or higher for half tone images and 1,200 DPI for line art. A separate file should be submitted for each Figure or Figure part.

Authors should retain backup files of all digital graphic files. Line figures should be professionally drawn and submitted electronically, or scanned using a 600 DPI (or better) printer. A separate image is required for each figure part. Letters, numbers and symbols should be clear and even throughout and of sufficient size so that when they are reduced in size for publication, each item will be legible. Figures should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals (e.g. Fig. 1, 2, 3) according to the order in which they have been first cited in the text.

If a Figure has been previously published, acknowledge the original source and submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce the material. Permission is required irrespective of authorship or publisher, except for documents in the public domain.

Authors’ names and affiliations should not appear on the images. All figure parts relating to one subject should have the same figure number. Symbols, arrows, or letters used in photomicrographs should contrast with the background. Symbols, arrows, numbers or letters used to identify areas of interest on photographic prints should be removable. If photographs of persons are used, the subjects or patients must not be identifiable. If this is unavoidable, their pictures must be accompanied by written permission from the patient or legal guardian to use the photograph. Do not send images or other material (including charts, photographs and tables) that have identifying information such as patient’s names or initials, birth dates, national identity card numbers, hospital numbers, or other identifying data. These must be removed before submitting the material to BHSB. Authors will be asked to replace poor quality figures. The Editorial Board reserves the right to edit figures to a size compatible with the description in the text.

(g)Legends for Illustrations
Present the legends for illustrations using double-spacing, with Arabic numerals corresponding to the Illustrations. When symbols, arrows, numbers or letters are used to identify parts of the Illustrations, explain each one clearly in the legend. Explain the internal scale and identify the method of staining and original magnification for photomicrographs. For drawings and graphs, state the important, salient points leading to the desired conclusion.

(h) Abbreviations and Symbols
Use only standard abbreviations. Avoid abbreviations and symbols in the title and abstract. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should proceed unless it is a standard unit of measurement. In general, the use of S.I. Units (International System of Units) is encouraged.

(i)Running title and Page number
Use running title as Header in 8-point font Calibri Body and page number as Footer on right hand side of each page.

Copyright assignment form
All submissions must be accompanied by a completed Copyright Transfer Agreement which should be signed by corresponding author. The form can either be scanned and submitted with the manuscript online, or emailed separately to:

Assoc Prof Dr. Badrul Hisham Bin Yahaya
Editor in Chief
Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Advanced Medical and Dental Institute (AMDI),
Universiti Sains Malaysia, Bertam,13200 Kepala Batas, Pulau Pinang Malaysia
No.Fax: 604-5622468 | No.Tel: 604-5622888 (006 Country Code)

All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to justify authorship. Editor may require corresponding author to justify the assignment of authorship. Submitted manuscripts which do not meet the above guidelines will be returned to the corresponding author prior review process.

The Editorial board keeps unconditional right to determine the style and if necessary, edit and shorten any material accepted for publication in JBCS. All communications with the Editor/Editorial staff regarding manuscripts must be in WRITTEN form, preferably via email to: or

The decision on the priority of publication is strictly determined by the Editorial Board. The appeals would be considered if these are reported in writing to the Editor.




Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  7. Please provide at least two reviewers.Insert name, email's of reviewer at comments below.

Copyright Notice

JBCS Publication Ethics JBCS is committed to ensure the publication process follows specific academic ethics. Hence, Authors, Reviewers and Editors are required to conform to standards of ethical guidelines.

Authors should discuss objectively the significance of research work, technical detail and relevant references to enable others to replicate the experiments. JBCS do not accept fraudulent or inaccurate statements that may constitute towards unethical conduct. Authors should ensure the originality of their works. In cases where the work and/or words of others have been used, appropriate acknowledgements should be made. JBCS do not accept plagiarism in all forms that constitute towards unethical publishing of an article. This includes simultaneous submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal. Corresponding author is responsible for the full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication.

Reviewers of JBCS treat manuscripts received for review as confidential documents. Therefore, Reviewers must ensure the confidentiality and should not use privileged information and/or ideas obtained through peer review for personal advantage. Reviews should be conducted based on academic merit and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments. In cases where selected Reviewer feels unqualified to review a manuscript, Reviewer should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process in TWO (2) weeks time from the review offer is made. In any reasonable circumstances, Reviewers should not consider to evaluate manuscripts if they have conflicts of interest (i.e: competitive, collaborative and/or other connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions affiliated to the papers).

Editors should evaluate manuscripts exclusively based on their academic merit. JBCS strictly do not allow editors to use unpublished information of authors’ without the written consent of the author. Editors are required to take appropriate responsive actions if ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper

Copyright and Permissions
The JBCS retains the copyright of published manuscripts under the terms of the Copyright Transfer Agreement. However, the journal permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided permission to reuse, distribute and reproduce is obtained from the Journal's Editor and the original work is properly cited.

While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.


Privacy Statement

The peer-review of a manuscript is a confidential process. Reviewers should keep the whole process completely confidential. They should consult the Senior Editor and obtain permission before consulting another colleague for help in the peer-review of the submitted manuscript. Reviewers should not disclose any information whatsoever to anyone before publication of the manuscript