Factors Affecting the Return of First-time Blood Donors After Temporary Deferral

Sharifah Azdiana Tuan Din, Thane Moze, Faraizah Abdul Karim, Rohayu Hami

Abstract


Blood donation in Malaysia is practised as voluntary non-remunerated. However, recruiting and retaining blood donors remain a challenge in the transfusion service. The main aim of this study was to understand the factors affecting the return of first-time blood donors. This was a retrospective study involving 480 first-time temporarily deferred whole blood donors from National Blood Centre (NBC), Kuala Lumpur. Data of donors who were deferred from 2010 to 2014 were extracted from the Blood Bank Information System. Deferred blood donors were categorised into two main groups, namely, a group of donors who returned for blood donation and a group that did not return for the donation. Each blood donor was contacted personally via telephone. Donors who returned were younger (p < 0.001), with females in a higher proportion (61.3%) compared to males (38.8%) (p < 0.001). Singles (68.3%) were more likely to return for donation compared to married donors (31.7%) (p < 0.001). Donors who lived in urban areas were more likely to return for donation compared to donors who lived in rural areas (34.6%) (p < 0.005). The most common factor that had motivated these donors to return was self-satisfaction (29.9%), while the most common factor that hindered them from returning for donation was the lack of time (28.50%). As a conclusion, more awareness and education regarding regular blood donation should be considered to donors from a rural areas. Additionally, mobile blood donation drives should be made easier for blood donors who have a busy lifestyle.


Keywords


temporary deferral, whole blood donors, motivating factors, hindering factors

Full Text:

PDF

References


Salaudeen AG, Odeh E. Knowledge and behavior towards voluntary blood donation among students of a tertiary institution in Nigeria. Nigerian journal of clinical practice. 2011;14(3):303-7.

World Health Organization. (2017). Blood safety and availability. Retrieved from:http://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/blood-safety-and-availability [Accessed 31 October 2018].

Buciuniene I, Stoniene L, Blazeviciene A, Kazlauskaite R, Skudiene V. Blood donors motivation and attitude to non-remunerated blood donation in Lithuania. BMC Public Health. 2006;6:166.

Misje AH, Bosnes V, Heier HE. Gender differences in presentation rates, deferrals and return behaviour among Norwegian blood donors. Vox sanguinis. 2010;98(3 Pt 1):e241-8.

Lipowicz A, Lopuszanska M. Marital differences in blood pressure and the risk of hypertension among Polish men. European journal of epidemiology. 2005;20(5):421-7.

Shenga N, Thankappan K, Kartha C, Pal R. Analyzing sociodemographic factors amongst blood donors. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2010;3(1):21-5.

Ben Natan M, Gorkov L. Investigating the factors affecting blood donation among Israelis. Int Emerg Nurs. 2011;19(1):37-43.

Shi L, Wang J, Liu Z, Stevens L, Sadler A, Ness P, et al. Blood donor management in china. Transfus Med Hemother. 2014;41(4):273-82.

Melku M, Terefe B, Asrie F, Enawgaw B, Melak T, Tsegay YG, et al. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Adult Population towards Blood Donation in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: A Community Based Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Blood Transfusion. 2016;2016:10.

Anwer MO, Ul Fawwad SH, Anwer S, Ali A. Attitude toward blood donation among medical and nonmedical students across Karachi. Asian journal of transfusion science. 2016;10(2):113-7.

Bhalodia Jignasa PKA, Oza Hiren V3. PSYCHOSOCIAL VARIABLES OF HIGHLY MOTIVATED VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONORS AT BLOOD BANK OF A MEDICAL COLLEGE. NATIONAL JOURNAL OF MEDICAL RESEARCH. 2012;Volume 2 (Issue 1 Jan – March ISSN 2249 4995):39 - 41.

Munsterman KA, Grindon AJ, Sullivan MT, Trouern-Trend J, Blackmon MJ, Watkins J, et al. Assessment of motivations for return donation among deferred blood donors. American Red Cross ARCNET Study Group. Transfusion. 1998;38(1):45-50.

Ngoma AM, Goto A, Nollet KE, Sawamura Y, Ohto H, Yasumura S. Blood Donor Deferral among Students in Northern Japan: Challenges Ahead. Transfus Med Hemother. 2014;41(4):251-6.

Sojka BN, Sojka P. The blood donation experience: self-reported motives and obstacles for donating blood. Vox sanguinis. 2008;94(1):56-63.

Zago A, da Silveira MF, Dumith SC. Blood donation prevalence and associated factors in Pelotas, Southern Brazil. Revista de saude publica. 2010;44(1):112-20.

Finck R, Ziman A, Hoffman M, Phan-Tang M, Yuan S. Motivating Factors and Potential Deterrents to Blood Donation in High School Aged Blood Donors. Journal of Blood Transfusion. 2016;2016:8.

Hillgrove TL, Doherty KV, Moore VM. Understanding non-return after a temporary deferral from giving blood: a qualitative study. BMC Public Health. 2012;12:1063.




Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (JBCS)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (JBCS) publishes original research articles, short review, short communication, case reports, quiz and letter to editor that covering the areas of fundamental aspects of biomedical and clinical sciences, from pre-clinical towards translational research and their applications in medicine, dentistry and healthcare management. JBCS aims to provide a platform for basic science and clinical researchers to communicate and share their research findings to the advancement of technologies in biomedical and clinical sciences by providing maximum access to scholarly communication.

Flag Counter           

                     

                                              Copyright © 2016 AMDI Publisher, Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Sains Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
                                            Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.