Malaysian Herbs in Snake Bite: A Review

A’attiyyah Ab Alim, KANNAN THIRUMULU PONNURAJ, Tuan Nadrah Naim Tuan Ismail, Wan Nazatul Shima Shahidan

Abstract


Snake bite is a well-known life threatening menace that is commonplace in rural areas. Most of the rural people seem to prefer the use of medicinal plants/herbs to treat snake bites due to two major reasons; one that these herbs have been traditionally considered effective and the other that access to modern health services are limited. This review presents the current scenario on the use of such medicinal plants/herbs found in Malaysia with main focus on a few species that have been identified as traditionally chosen viz. Clinacanthus nutans (C. nutans), Acanthus ilicifolius (A. ilicifolius), Mimosa pudica (M. pudica), Andrographis paniculata (A. paniculata), Pogostemon cablin (P. cablin) and Murraya koenigii (M. koenigii).  The leaves of C. nutans and P. cablin, leaves, fruit pulp, shoots and roots of A. ilicifolius, leaves and roots of M. pudica, leaves, roots and whole plant of A. paniculata and the leaves and bark of M. koenigii have been traditionally used in the treatment of snake bites


Keywords


snake bites; medicinal plants; herbs; Malaysia

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