Campbell’s Law: Implication in Medical Publications and Clinical Sciences

Soon Eu Chong


Publication has always been seen as one of the success metrics in the academic world. Throughout the last decade, we have seen a steep rise in the number of academic journal articles being published. Many are overwhelmed by this phenomenon of “publication explosion”. Campbell’s Law states that once a target has been identified as a main indicator for success in a system, its ability to accurately evaluate success will be compromised. This article discusses the Campbell’s Law and its implication in medical publications and clinical sciences, and the mitigation strategies.


Campbell’s Law; Publications; Clinical Sciences

Full Text:



Kroft SH. Well-Being, Burnout, and the Clinical Laboratory. American Journal of Clinical Pathology. 2020;153(4):422-4.

Jinha AE. Article 50 million: an estimate of the number of scholarly articles in existence. Learned Publishing. 2010;23(3):258-63.

Zhang R, Khabsa M, Giles CL. The Number of Scholarly Documents on the Public Web. PLoS ONE. 2014;9(5).

Fire M, Guestrin C. Over-optimization of academic publishing metrics: observing Goodhart’s Law in action. GigaScience. 2019;8(6).

McNutt M. The measure of research merit. Science. 2014;346(6214):1155-.

Lovis C, van Eck NJ, Waltman L, van Raan AFJ, Klautz RJM, Peul WC. Citation Analysis May Severely Underestimate the Impact of Clinical Research as Compared to Basic Research. PLoS ONE. 2013;8(4).

McHugh U, Yentis S. An analysis of retractions of papers authored by Scott Reuben, Joachim Boldt and Yoshitaka Fujii. Anaesthesia. 2019;74(1):17-21.

Van Noorden R, Singh Chawla D. Hundreds of extreme self-citing scientists revealed in new database. Nature. 2019;572(7771):578-9.

Grudniewicz A, Moher D, Cobey KD, Bryson GL, Cukier S, Allen K, et al. Predatory journals: no definition, no defence. Nature. 2019;576(7786):210-2.

Ioannidis JPA. Why Most Clinical Research Is Not Useful. PLOS Medicine. 2016;13(6).

Sivasubramaniam SD, Cosentino M, Ribeiro L, Marino F. Unethical practices within medical research and publication – An exploratory study. International Journal for Educational Integrity. 2021;17(1).

Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences (JBCS)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Flag Counter           


                                              Copyright © 2016 AMDI Publisher, Universiti Sains Malaysia.
Disclaimer : This website has been updated to the best of our knowledge to be accurate. However, Universiti Sains Malaysia shall not be liable for any loss or damage caused by the usage of any information obtained from this web site.
                                            Best viewed: Mozilla Firefox 4.0 & Google Chrome at 1024 × 768 resolution.